Employment also exists in the public, nonprofit and household
Employment in the United States
In the United States, the "standard" employment contract
is considered to be at-will meaning that the employer and employee
are both free to terminate the employment at any time and for any
cause, or for no cause at all.
To the extent that employment or the economic equivalent is not
universal, unemployment exists.
Employment in Capitalist Societies
Employment is almost universal in capitalist societies. Opponents
of capitalism such as Marxists oppose the capitalist employment
system, considering it to be unfair that the people who contribute
the majority of work to an organization do not receive a proportionate
share of the profit. However, the surrealist and the situationist
movements were among the few groups to actually oppose work,
and during the partially surrealist-influenced events of May
1968 the walls of the Sorbonne were covered with anti-work graffiti.
Laborers often talk of "getting a job", or "having
a job". This conceptual metaphor of a "job" as a
possession has led to its use in slogans such as "money for
jobs, not bombs". Similar conceptions are that of "land" as
a possession (real estate) or intellectual rights as a possession