History of the Shot Clock
Coach Howard Hobson, who coached at Oregon State University and
later Yale University, is credited with the idea. It first came
to use in 1954 in Syracuse, New York, where Danny Biasone, the
owner of the NBA's Syracuse Nationals, experimented using a 24-second
version during a scrimmage game. Biasone then convinced the NBA
to adopt it. His team went on to win the 1955 championship.
Some say that this invention "saved the sport of basketball" as
it had begun to lose fans before its implication. This was largely
due to the stalling tactics used by teams once they were leading
in a game. Without the shot clock, teams could pass the ball nearly
endlessly without penalization. Very low-scoring games were common.
When the shot clock first came into play, it made many players
nervous, to the extent that the clock hardly came into play, as
players were shooting much quicker than twenty seconds.
The Shot Clock In Basketball
In professional men's basketball (both NBA and FIBA), the shot
clock counts down 24 seconds, thus often being called the "24-Second
Clock." Failure to attempt a shot, that hits the rim, within
this time results in loss of possession. A buzzer goes off when
the shot clock reaches zero.
Danny Biasone came up with 24 seconds by dividing 2,880 (the number
of seconds in a game) by 120 (the average number of shots in a
game at that time).