Introduction to Baseball
is a team sport, in which a fist-sized ball is thrown by a defensive
player called a pitcher and hit by an offensive player called a batter
with a round, smooth stick called a bat. The ball itself is also
called a baseball. Scoring is accomplished by the batter running
and touching a series of four markers on the ground called bases.
Baseball is sometimes called hardball to differentiate it from the
closely related sport of softball and other similar games.
Countries that Play Baseball
Baseball is popular in the Americas and East Asia. In Japan, Puerto
Rico, the Dominican Republic, Cuba, Panama, South Korea, Taiwan
and some other countries/areas, it is one of the most popular
sports by any measurement. In the United States, baseball has
long been regarded as the unofficial national pastime; the total
attendance for Major League games is roughly equal to that of
all other American professional team sports combined. Among American
television viewers, however, baseball has been surpassed in popularity
(in terms of television ratings) by American football and auto
racing. Although the three most popular team sports in North
America are ball games (baseball, basketball and American football),
baseball's popularity grew so great that the word "ballgame" in
the United States almost always refers to a game of baseball,
and "ballpark" to a baseball field.
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