The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases describes
the sinuses as hollow air spaces in the body and names the four
pairs of cavities as paranasal sinuses. According to the NIAID,
frontal sinuses are located over the eyes in the brow area, maxialary
sinuses are located inside each cheekbone, ethmoid sinuses are
located just behind the bridge of the nose and between the eyes,
and sphenoid sinuses are located behind the ethmoids in the upper
region of the nose and behind the eyes. Maxillary sinusitis is
the most common type of sinusitis while the ethmoid, frontal and
sphenoid sinuses are affected less frequently. Sphenoid sinusitis
is less common than maxillary sinusitis, but symptoms are similar
and suffering can still be immense.
Sphenoid Sinusitis Symptoms and Treatment
Sphenoid sinusitis typically causes pain in the occipital region.
Although the sphenoid sinuses are less frequently affected, infection
in these sinuses can cause earaches, neck pain, and deep aching
at the top of your head.
Acute sphenoid sinusitis is uncommon and usually seen as part
of a pansinusitis, an inflammation of all the sinuses on one or
both sides of the nose. Chronic sphenoid sinusitis is also an uncommon
condition and is typically treated as part of a combined treatment
or surgery for sinusitis in multiple areas.
Treatment for sphenoid sinusitis may be medical or surgical, with
initial treatment usually involving antibiotic administration plus
painkillers and antihistamines. Holistic treatment options include
steam inhalation, also avoiding irritants and allergens may help
keep it at bay. As with most cases of sinusitis, nasal spray may
provide relieve during sphenoid sinusitis and may be used to relieve
congestion. The use of irrigation and drainage of the affected
sinus can provide additional relief on occasion.
Surgery for many forms of sinusitis, sometimes including sphenoid
sinusitis, involves making a window in the affected sinus through
puncture to allow for easy drainage. In the uncommon ethmoid or
sphenoid sinusitis, an ethmoidectomy can also be used as a surgical
While sphenoid sinusitis may be less common, it still brings with
it the painful symptoms and irritating congestion that all cases
of sinusitis can cause. Because the sphenoid sinuses are relatively
hidden sphenoid sinusitis was commonly misdiagnosed in early medical
treatment, but with advancing technology it more clearly diagnosed
and treated, giving hope and relief to the many people suffering
with sphenoid sinusitis.