The History of King Arthur is Debated
The accurate history of King Arthur and his legend has been debated
by scholars for a long time. There are several schools of thought
that believe they have determined with historical accuracy when
King Arthur lived and what actions he took or instigated within
One school of thought believes that King Arthur lived sometime
during the later 5th century and possibly into the early 6th century.
This group of scholars view Arthur to have been of Romano-British
origin, building a strong home base somewhere in Wales, Cornwall,
or west of what is known today as England. The history of King
Arthur according to his school of thought includes fighting against
the pagan Saxons, but there is still a great deal of controversy
over the extent of his power and its core center.
Even the actual identity of Arthur is debated. Some believe Arthur
is correctly identified with King of the Brettones, Riothamus,
a historical figure active during the reign of the Roman Emperor
Anthemius. Other scholars think that Arthur is actually Lucius
Artorius Castus, a 2nd century Roman whose extensive military actions
in Britain are of historical significance. Other writers still
believe that King Arthur is a figure from the Bronze Age and propose
that an Early Bronze Age Arthur would have reined around 2300 BC.
Another school of thought claims that King Arthur is actually
a half-forgotten Celtic deity personified or a work of complete
fiction, similar to Beowulf. Those that believe Arthur was not
based on a real person argue that another Roman Briton of the time
led the forces battling the Saxons at the Battle of Mons Badonicus.
The History of King Arthur May Be Just a Legend
It is also possible that people, rulers, and storytellers throughout
history have influenced what we seen in the later legends of
King Arthur. For instance, Scots king Aedan mac Gabran has a
song named Artuir who had a similar history to what we know as
the history of King Arthur.
Due to the continual debate among scholars as to the identity
of Arthur, it is impossible to have a definitive historical account
of his actions and rule. But, the historical legends will continue
to live on and evolve, brining a greater sense of magic and mystery
to the history of King Arthur and his knights.