Risk Factors for Diabetes
Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include older age, obesity,
family history of diabetes, prior history of gestational diabetes,
impaired glucose tolerance, physical inactivity, and race/ethnicity.
African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians,
and some Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are at particularly
high risk for type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes Treatments
Healthy eating, physical activity, and blood glucose testing
are the basic therapies for type 2 diabetes. In addition, many
people with type 2 diabetes require oral medication, insulin,
or both to control their blood glucose levels.
It is very important that person who has type 2 diabetes pay
attention to their blood glucose levels on a day-to-day basis.
It is also important to keep in touch with your health care professional
about your condition.
Can Type 2 Diabetes Be Prevented?
A number of studies have shown that regular physical activity
can significantly reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes also appears to be associated with obesity.