Risk Factors for Type 1 Diabetes
Risk factors are less well defined for type 1 diabetes than for
type 2 diabetes, but autoimmune, genetic, and environmental
factors are involved in developing this type of diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes Treatments
Healthy eating, physical activity, and insulin injections are
the basic therapies for type 1 diabetes. The amount of insulin
taken must be balanced with food intake and daily activities.
Blood glucose levels must be closely monitored through frequent
blood glucose testing.
It is very important that person who has type 1 diabetes pay
attention to their blood glucose levels on a day-to-day basis.
It is also important to keep in touch with your health care professional
about your condition.
What Causes Type 1 Diabetes?
The causes of type 1 diabetes appear to be much different
than those for type 2 diabetes, though the exact mechanisms
developing both diseases are unknown. The appearance of type
1 diabetes is suspected to follow exposure to an "environmental
trigger," such as an unidentified virus, stimulating an
immune attack against the beta cells of the pancreas (that
produce insulin) in some genetically predisposed people.
Researchers are making progress in identifying
the exact genetics and "triggers" that predispose
some individuals to develop type 1 diabetes, but prevention