and Oral Health
Because of high blood glucose, people
with diabetes are more likely to have problems with their teeth
and gums. And like all infections, dental infections can make your
blood glucose go up. Sore, swollen, and red gums that bleed when
you brush your teeth are a sign of a dental problem called gingivitis.
Another problem, called periodontitis, happens when your gums shrink
or pull away from your teeth.
People with diabetes can have tooth and gum problems more often
if their blood glucose stays high. Also, smoking makes it more
likely for you to get a bad case of gum disease, especially if
you have diabetes and are age 45 or older.
People with diabetes are also prone to other mouth problems,
like fungal infections, poor post-surgery healing, and dry mouth.
Keeping Your Mouth, Gums, and Teeth Healthy If You Have Diabetes
You can help maintain your oral health by keeping your blood
glucose as close to normal as possible, brushing your teeth
at least twice a day, and flossing once a day. Keep any dentures
clean. Get a dental cleaning and exam twice a year, and tell
your dentist that you have diabetes. Call your dentist with
any problems, such as gums that are red, sore, bleeding, or
pulling away from the teeth; any possible tooth infection;
or soreness from dentures.
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