and Your Feet
Nerve damage, circulation problems, and
infections can cause serious foot problems for people with diabetes.
Sometimes nerve damage can deform or misshape your feet, causing
pressure points that can turn into blisters, sores, or ulcers.
Poor circulation can make these injuries slow to heal. Sometimes
this can lead to amputation of a toe, foot, or leg.
Tips to Take Care Of Your Feet
There are several ways for people with diabetes to help prevent
foot problems triggered by the disease. Here are some tips
on how to take care of your feet and prevent foot issues associated
for cuts, cracks, sores, red spots, swelling, infected toenails,
blisters, and calluses on the feet each
day. Call your doctor if such wounds do not heal after one day.
> If you
have corns and calluses, ask your doctor or podiatrist about
way to care for them.
> Wash your feet in warm—not hot—water
and dry them well.
your toenails once a week or when needed. Cut toenails when
they are soft
from washing. Cut them to the shape of the
toe and not too short. File the edges with an emery board.
> Rub lotion on the tops and bottoms of feet—but not
between the toes—to prevent cracking and drying.
shoes that fit well. Break in new shoes slowly, by wearing
them 1 to 2
hours each day for the first 1 to 2 weeks.
stockings or socks to avoid blisters and sores.
clean, lightly padded socks that fit well; seamless socks are
wear shoes or slippers, because when you are barefoot it is
easy to step
on something and hurt your feet.
your feet from extreme heat and cold.
sitting, keep the blood flowing to your lower limbs by propping
feet up and moving your toes and ankles for
a few minutes at a time.
smoking, which reduces blood flow to the feet.
your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol under control
healthy foods, staying active, and taking
your diabetes medicines.
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