Facts – The Island’s EnvironmentIreland Geography
When digging up Ireland facts it is important to touch upon the
geography of Ireland and some of its physical features. Ireland
is the westernmost and second largest island of the British
Isles. It is located in the North Atlantic Ocean and is separated
Great Britain by Saint George’s Channel on the South
Ease, the Irish Sea on the East, and the North Channel on the
The area of Ireland is 32,599 square miles, or 84,431 square kilometers.
From North to South, the maximum length of Ireland is 302 miles,
or 280 kilometers. The northern most part of Ireland is Malin Head
and the southern most part of Ireland is Mizen Head.
The West coast of Ireland is covered with valleys and steep cliffs.
There are also hundreds of small islands next to the mainland in
the Atlantic Ocean. The East coast, however, is relatively regular
with few deep indentations.
of Ireland is basically basin-shaped with a few physiographic
features that stand out. Ireland has a region of low lands in
the central and East central areas and a system of low mountain
between the lowlands and the outskirts of the island. The main
mountain ranges include the Mourne Mountains in the Northeast,
the mountains of Donegal in the North, the Sperrin Mountains
in the Northwest, the Maumturk Mountains in the West, the Caha
in the Southwest, and the Boggeragh Mountains in the South.
The lowlands area of Ireland has several bogs, lakes and rivers.
The principal rivers of Ireland are the Erne and Shannon. They
are really more chains of lakes connected by stretches of river.
Ireland Politics Divide the Island
Politically, the island of Ireland is divided into Northern Ireland
and the Republic of Ireland (formerly Eire). Northern Ireland
is a constituent part of Great Britain. The island is divided
into four historical provinces and administrative units called
counties. The four provinces are Connaught, Leinster, Munster,
and Ulster. The Republic of Ireland consists of three counties
in the Ulster province in the North, as well as all of Connaught,
Leinster, and Muster provinces, making up 23 counties.
There are prevailing warm, moist winds flowing into Ireland from
the Atlantic Ocean. Those winds cause winter temperatures to
be about 25 degrees Fahrenheit higher than that of other places
with the same latitude. The harsh winter temperatures in Ireland
ranges from about 40 to 45 degrees Fahrenheit. However, the summer
temperatures are about 7 degrees Fahrenheit lower than that of
other places with the same latitudes. The summer temperature
of Ireland ranges from about 59 to 62 degrees Fahrenheit.
Ireland Facts about Flora and Fauna
The flora of Ireland comes mostly from England. The island includes
sedges, rushes, ferns and grass as its principal flora. The fauna
is also similar to England or France. There once were great Irish
deer and auk but those were exterminated in prehistoric times.
Since civilization has developed in Ireland it has lost its bear,
wolf, wildcat, beaver, native cattle, and other animals. What
make up the majority of Ireland’s current fauna are rodents
and small birds. There are no snakes in Ireland and the lizard
is Ireland’s only reptile.
These Ireland facts can help those unfamiliar with the island
understand some of its natural features and climate. Along with
the physical atmosphere and environment, Ireland also has a rich
political and religious history and very unique culture.
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