Sculpture and other Kinetic Sculptures
sculpture is a proposal made by Joan Miró, a painter, sculptor
and ceramist born in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, in
his late writings to make sculpture out of gaseous materials.
There is an example of gas sculpture in the sculpture garden at
the National Gallery of Australia in Canberra. A large bank of
very small nozzles is arrayed on the edge of a small rush-filled
pond, and when the power is switched on a fine mist of fog billows
out. The 'sculpture' has a continuously changing shape as it is
affected by the water, the rushes and the air-currents in the area.
Some kinetic sculptures contain gaseous elements, such as the
fog nozzles of Jean-Paul Riopelle's La Joute, which also includes
fire jets, a fountain, and bronze sculptural elements.
True gas sculpture is to be differentiated from
the supposed "gas
sculpture" at the Universe Zone at the American Museum of
Natural History, which is not truly a gas sculpture.
Kinetic sculptures are sculptures
that are designed to move. Additionally, sound sculpture is considered
The name is derived from the scientific term, kinetic energy,
which is the energy possessed by a mass by virtue of its motion
including the atomic level as in heat.
Alexander Calder (inventor of the mobile) and George Rickey pioneered
kinetic sculpture. Other leading exponents include Yaacov Agam,
Marcel Duchamp, Naum Gabo, Jean Tinguely, Zero group and Arthur
Mobiles are a type of kinetic sculpture. Some kinetic sculptures
are wind-powered, and others are motor driven. A variety of human
powered craft involved in cross country races and parades are considered
Kinetic sculptures are often implemeted as installation art.
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