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Gas Sculpture and other Kinetic Sculptures

Gas sculpture is a proposal made by Joan Miró, a painter, sculptor and ceramist born in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, in his late writings to make sculpture out of gaseous materials.

There is an example of gas sculpture in the sculpture garden at the National Gallery of Australia in Canberra. A large bank of very small nozzles is arrayed on the edge of a small rush-filled pond, and when the power is switched on a fine mist of fog billows out. The 'sculpture' has a continuously changing shape as it is affected by the water, the rushes and the air-currents in the area.

Some kinetic sculptures contain gaseous elements, such as the fog nozzles of Jean-Paul Riopelle's La Joute, which also includes fire jets, a fountain, and bronze sculptural elements.

True gas sculpture is to be differentiated from the supposed "gas sculpture" at the Universe Zone at the American Museum of Natural History, which is not truly a gas sculpture.

Kinetic Sculptures
Kinetic sculptures are sculptures that are designed to move. Additionally, sound sculpture is considered kinetic sculpture.

The name is derived from the scientific term, kinetic energy, which is the energy possessed by a mass by virtue of its motion including the atomic level as in heat.

Alexander Calder (inventor of the mobile) and George Rickey pioneered kinetic sculpture. Other leading exponents include Yaacov Agam, Marcel Duchamp, Naum Gabo, Jean Tinguely, Zero group and Arthur Ganson.

Mobiles are a type of kinetic sculpture. Some kinetic sculptures are wind-powered, and others are motor driven. A variety of human powered craft involved in cross country races and parades are considered kinetic sculpture.

Kinetic sculptures are often implemeted as installation art.

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